Calgary is a city that is located in Alberta Province, Canada. It is situated in the southern portion of the province, and is the province’s largest city. Calgary covers an area of two hundred and eighty square miles and has a population of almost one million people. This city is about two hundred miles of Edmonton, in the Grassland region of the province. Calgary is known around the world for its winter sports and has a number of mountains resorts both in the city and in the area around it. Calgary’s economy has a robust economy that centers around several key sectors. These include petroleum, mining, chemical production and tourism. The city enjoys a Gross Domestic Product of fifty-two billion Canadian dollars. Major companies that are located here include Imperial Oil, Shell Canada, TransCanada, BP, Nexen, Shaw Communications, Suncor Energy, Nova Chemicals, Dow Chemical Canada, CNRL and EnCana. The city is also home to several major higher education facilities. These include the University of Calgary, Mount Royal University, Ambrose University College, St. Mary’s University College, SAIT Polytechnic, Bow Valley College and Alberta College of Art and Design.
Calgary is a city that can trace its history back at least eleven thousand years, when the area was inhabited by the Pre-Llano culture. In 1787, David Thompson was the first European to come to the area. He spent much of that winter with the Black foot tribes in the area. A little later the first settlement was founded by John Glenn. During the 1870s, as the settler population in the area increased, so did the extensive hunting of buffalo. Buffalo were so heavily hunted, they were driven to near extinction. With their supply of buffalo gone, settler then began trapper fur bearing animals, such as beaver, for the North West Company and the Hudson Bay Company. Eventually, the site became a post for the North West Mounted Police. The North West Mounted Police was assigned to protect the western plains from whiskey runners from the United States and also to protect fur trading interest. To further this end, they built Fort Calgary in 1876. Around it grew a significant settlement and the fur trade began to prosper, especially when the Pacific Railway arrived at the city in 1883. In 1886, the city was struck by a huge fire that destroyed fourteen building and caused damages in excess of one hundred thousand dollars. The city was rebuilt, and between 1896 and 1914 the city experienced a huge population surge. This was due to free land handed out by the Canadian government. It was also due to a large influx of workers flooding into the city to work at the oil rigs after oil was discovered in Alberta.
Today, Calgary is a city that is rich with history, tradition and fabulous attractions to peak any visitors interest. A popular attraction in the city is the Calgary Zoo. The Calgary Zoo is situated east of the city’s downtown area and can be easily reach by the city’s light rail system or by car via Memorial Drive. This zoo is the second largest in Canada and was also the country’s first accredited zoo. It was founded in 1929 and contains over one thousand animals. The zoo’s collection of animals is spread over several exhibits which include Destination Africa, Australia, Canadian Wilds, Botanical Gardens, Dorthy Harvie Conservatory, Arctic Shores & Antarctic Landing, Prehistoric Park, South America and Eurasia.
Another popular attraction in Calgary is Glenbow Museum. This museum has over ninety-three thousand square feet of exhibition space and twenty galleries which contain over a million objects of interest. This museum was founded in 1966 by Eric Harvie. Glenbow Museum has four main collections which include Mineralogy, Military History, Cultural History and Ethnology. The mineralogy collection contains precious and semi-precious stone from all over the world, especially from within Western Canada. Featured exhibits include fools gold, a piece of the oldest rock on earth and multi-colored rock crystals. The military collection is one of the most varied in all of Canada, displaying over twenty-six thousand items from many countries and from five centuries of military expansion. There are weapons here from Asia, North America and Europe that include swords and firearms. There is also an extensive collection of Canadian medals located here. The cultural history division contains one hundred thousand objects from all over the world. Visitors can find pottery, pressed glass and textiles in this collection. The ethnology division contains forty-eight thousand objects from the Native American tribes of North America. Glenbow Museum also contains art galleries that have over twenty-eight thousand works in them from the nineteenth century to the present day. These works are from Canadian artists, Inuit artists, as well as artists from the First Nation. There is also Western and Wildlife art contained in the collection. The archives of the museum is a major research center for academics, students and historians. It contains a large collection of family records and records from Canadian businesses. Contained here are thirty-five hundred meters of records, one million pictures, three hundred and fifty hours of film and over fifteen hundred sound recordings. The archives date from the nineteenth to the twentieth century and document the political, economic and social history of Canada.
Other prominent attractions in Canada include Heritage Park, Prince’s Island Park, Stampede Park, Canada Olympic Park, Rubaiyat, Aero Space Museum, Devonian Gardens, Stephen Avenue Walk, Riverside Spa, Sante Spa, The New Gallery, Nose Hill Park, Fish Creek Provincial Park, Kensington, Fort Calgary, Heritage Pointe Golf Course, Creative Kids Museum, Olympic Hall of Fame and Museum, Calgary Tower, The Military Museum, Calaway Park, Telus World of Science, Chinese Cultural Center, Space Port, Shakers Family Fun Center, Inglewood Bird Sanctuary and Nature Center, Big Rock Brewery, Kart World Family Fun Center, Art Mode Gallery, Confederation Park, Diana Paul Galleries Ltd, Firefighters Museum of Calgary, Gallery San Chun, The Centre Gallery, Paul Kuhn Art Gallery, Art Gallery of Calgary, North Glenmore Park, Grace Presbyterian Church, Avatamsaka Buddhist Monastery, Bowness Park, Calgary Elks Lodge & Golf Club, Kalidoscope Colour & Glass Gallery, Wintergreen Golf and Country Club, Eau Claire Market, Butterfield Acres Farm, Harvest Hills Golf Course, Artisans Gallery, Calgary Hash House Harriers, Uptown Stage Screen and Calgary Hotel.